Leveraging Latent Diffusion Models for Training-Free In-Distribution Data Augmentation for Surface Defect Detection

Department of Engineering for Innovation Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
🎉 Accepted @ CBMI 2024 🎉
DIAG abstract
The DIAG pipeline. Starting from positive samples, we leverage a Latent Diffusion Model (LDM) to synthesize novel in-distribution high-quality images of defective surfaces based on defect localization and textual prompts. These synthetic images are then used as anomaly samples to train a binary classifier for anomaly detection.


Defect detection is the task of identifying defects in production samples. Usually, defect detection classifiers are trained on ground-truth data formed by normal samples (negative data) and samples with defects (positive data), where the latter are consistently fewer than normal samples. State-of-the-art data augmentation procedures add synthetic defect data by superimposing artifacts to normal samples to mitigate problems related to unbalanced training data. These techniques often produce out-of-distribution images, resulting in systems that learn what is not a normal sample but cannot accurately identify what a defect looks like. In this work, we introduce DIAG, a training-free Diffusion-based In-distribution Anomaly Generation pipeline for data augmentation. Unlike conventional image generation techniques, we implement a human-in-the-loop pipeline, where domain experts provide multimodal guidance to the model through text descriptions and region localization of the possible anomalies. This strategic shift enhances the interpretability of results and fosters a more robust human feedback loop, facilitating iterative improvements of the generated outputs. Remarkably, our approach operates in a zero-shot manner, avoiding time-consuming fine-tuning procedures while achieving superior performance. We demonstrate the efficacy and versatility of DIAG with respect to state-of-the-art data augmentation approaches on the challenging KSDD2 dataset, with an improvement in AP of approximately 18% when positive samples are available and 28% when they are missing.


    title={Leveraging Latent Diffusion Models for Training-Free In-Distribution Data Augmentation for Surface Defect Detection},
    author={Girella, Federico and Liu, Ziyue and Fummi, Franco and Setti, Francesco and Cristani, Marco and Capogrosso, Luigi},
    journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2407.03961},